Are Beans Vegan? Refried, Baked, and Black Beans Compared (2024)

As the popularity of veganism continues to grow, many people are exploring the benefits and versatility of plant-based foods, including beans. Beans are a staple vegetable protein in vegan and vegetarian diets, offering numerous health benefits.

So are beans vegan? Although there are many different types of beans, all beans are vegan as they come from plants. Some of the best beans for vegan diets include black beans, baked beans, and refried beans.

Each type offers unique flavors and nutritional profiles, catering to various preferences and dietary needs.

What Are Beans?

Beans are a type of legume that comes in various shapes, sizes, and colors. They are the mature seeds of flowering plants in the Fabaceae family which also includes peas, peanuts, and lentils.

Beans are known to be an excellent source of protein, fiber, vitamins and minerals. They form the basis for countless healthy dishes, serving as an essential part of many cuisines around the world.

There are many different types of beans available in the market, which cater to diverse culinary preferences. Some popular types of beans include black beans, kidney beans, navy beans, and pinto beans.

Each bean variety has its unique taste, texture, and nutritional profile, making them versatile ingredients in various dishes.

Besides these commonly known beans, there are also other varieties worth exploring. For instance, navy beans, cannellini beans, and great northern beans are all white beans that can be used interchangeably in different recipes.

Other lesser-known beans, such as adzuki beans, mung beans, and garbanzo beans (also known as chickpeas), offer distinctive flavors and nutritional properties as well.

To accommodate various dietary needs and preferences, beans can be purchased in different forms such as dried, canned, or precooked.

It is important to note that while all dried beans are vegan, some canned and processed bean products may contain non-vegan ingredients, such as lard or additional seasonings. So, always check the labels before consuming such products.

Bean Types and Their Vegan Status

Bean Types and Their Vegan Status

Black Beans

Black beans, also known as turtle beans, are vegan as they are plant-based. They are commonly used in dishes like burritos or rice bowls and can be found in both dried and canned forms.

The majority of black bean products available in the market are vegan-friendly.

Pinto Beans

Pinto beans, popular beans in many Mexican dishes, are also vegan. They can be a nutritious addition to a vegan diet and are available in dried and canned forms. Most canned and dried pinto beans are vegan; however, it’s important to check for additives or preservatives that may not align with a vegan lifestyle.

Lima Beans

Lima beans, also known as butter beans, are another type of vegan-friendly beans. They can be a great source of plant-based protein and are found in various forms like dried, canned, and frozen. As with other beans, it is essential to ensure that no non-vegan ingredients are added during processing.


Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, are a staple in vegan diets and are commonly used in dishes like hummus and falafel. They are naturally vegan and can be found in dried or canned forms. According to Lettuce Veg Out, chickpeas are a key legume to include in a vegan diet.


Lentils, another popular legume choice for vegans, come in various colors like green, brown, and red. They are a versatile and nutrient-rich option that is 100% plant-based. Lentils are available in dried and canned forms and their health benefits make them a great addition to a vegan diet.

Common Bean Preparation Techniques

Canned Beans

Using canned beans is a convenient and time-saving option for those who want to include beans in their vegan diet.

To prepare canned beans, simply drain and rinse the beans to remove excess sodium, and then use them in your desired recipe. Some common canned bean varieties are chickpeas, black beans, and pinto beans.

Dry Beans

Preparing dry beans involves a few more steps than canned beans, but it allows for more control over the cooking process and typically results in a better taste and texture. To cook dry beans, start by soaking them in water for several hours, or overnight.

This helps to soften the beans and reduce their cooking time. After soaking, drain the beans and cook them in fresh water until tender. Popular dry bean varieties include kidney, navy, and pink beans.

Refried Beans

Refried beans are a staple in many Mexican and Tex-Mex dishes, and they can be made vegan by using vegetable oil or non-hydrogenated fat instead of lard. To prepare refried beans, begin by cooking pinto beans or black beans until tender.

Then, sauté onions and garlic in oil until soft, and add the cooked beans to the pan. Mash the beans with a potato masher, adding a bit of water or bean cooking liquid as needed to reach the desired consistency.

Season with salt and spices like cumin and chili powder for extra flavor.

Are Bean Products Always Vegan?

Are Bean Products Always Vegan?

Beans and their derivatives are generally considered vegan. However, some bean-based products may contain non-vegan ingredients. Bean products can vary greatly in their ingredients, so it is essential to check product labels if you follow a vegan lifestyle.

Bean-Based Meat Alternatives

Bean-based meat alternatives, such as black bean burgers, lentil meatloaf, or chickpea patties, are typically vegan-friendly.

These meat substitutes often incorporate legumes as their main source of protein and are free of animal-derived ingredients. Examples of vegan bean-based meat alternatives include:

  • Black bean burgers
  • Lentil meatballs
  • Chickpea meatloaf

However, some bean-based meat alternatives might include non-vegan ingredients, such as eggs or dairy products, to bind the mixture together or to enhance flavor. In such cases, it is crucial always to read the ingredient list to ensure the product’s vegan status.

Baked Beans and Refried Beans

While beans themselves are vegan, some commercially available baked beans and refried beans may not be. Some brands of baked beans, like Bush’s Best, contain ingredients such as cured bacon or pork stock.

Brands like Heinz, Trader Joe’s, and Amy’s typically offer vegan options that do not contain animal-derived ingredients.

Similarly, refried beans may contain non-vegan ingredients like lard, which is animal fat. Vegan refried beans are available in many supermarkets, but it is imperative to check the ingredient list to confirm their vegan status.

Bean Dips

Bean dips, such as hummus or black bean dip, are generally vegan-friendly as they are made primarily from beans, spices, and plant-based oils.

However, some bean dips might contain non-vegan ingredients, like sour cream, cheese, or mayonnaise. As always, it’s important to carefully examine the ingredient list to ensure the product aligns with a vegan lifestyle.

Benefits of Beans in a Vegan Diet

Benefits of Beans in a Vegan Diet

Nutrient Content

Beans are an excellent source of protein, carbohydrates, and dietary fiber, making them a great addition to any healthy vegan diet . Pulses, which include chickpeas, lentils, dry peas, and dry beans such as black beans and kidney beans, are considered legumes and are a staple in vegan diets.

Furthermore, soybeans contain all nine essential amino acids and can provide important nutrients for those on a vegan diet (Medical News Today).

Many beans are also high in essential vitamins and minerals such as iron, calcium, potassium, and magnesium, which contribute to overall health and wellbeing.

Environmental Impact

Beans and other legumes are not only healthy for individuals but also beneficial for the environment. The production of beans has a lower carbon footprint compared to animal-based protein sources, which are known to contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions.

By incorporating beans into a vegan diet, individuals can help reduce their impact on the environment while still receiving the necessary nutrients for a balanced and sustainable lifestyle.

Furthermore, beans play an important role in crop rotation, as they have the ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, which helps to improve soil fertility and reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers. This in turn contributes to a healthier and more sustainable agricultural system.


Beans, being plant-based, are inherently vegan. There are several types of beans that vegans can enjoy, such as black beans, kidney beans, navy beans, pinto beans, and white beans, among others.

Dried beans are always vegan, while canned beans may sometimes have additives, so it’s essential to check the ingredient list before purchasing.

Legumes, like beans, are an essential part of a healthy vegan diet. They provide necessary nutrients, such as protein, fiber, and minerals. Some popular legume options include chickpeas, lentils, dry peas, and various types of beans.

When selecting beans, consumers should keep in mind the nutritional benefits beans offer. For example, beans are known to contain less saturated fat, cholesterol, and more dietary fiber than animal-based sources of protein.

However, vegans should also ensure that they are consuming enough vitamin B-rich foods, as this might be a concern for those following a plant-based diet.

In summary, beans are a nutritious and versatile choice for vegans. By including several types of beans in their meals, those following a plant-based diet can enjoy a wide range of flavors and textures while maintaining a well-balanced and nutrient-rich meal plan.

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Author Bio
Im Emma and I’m the creator of Vegan Calm. When I became a vegan seven years ago, I mainly did it for health and ethical reasons. To my surprise, it had another amazing benefit; I became a much calmer and peaceful person. This change inspired me to create Vegan Calm. Whether you’ve been a vegan for a long time or just want to learn more, this website will have something for you!

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